1st Period Debate
Middle schools should have mandatory drug testing for participation in extracurricular activities.
"The Effectiveness and Legality of Random Drug Testing Policies"
This article is for the proposition. Author Joseph R. McKinney discusses the results of a study he conducted that revealed that random drug testing was effective in reducing drug use in schools.
"Relationship Between Student Illicit Drug Use and School Drug-Testing Policies"
This article is for the opposition. It is a study that shows drug testing does not reduce drug use among students. The study is pretty hard to read, but students can skip the data and examine the introduction and the conclusion carefully.
"Why Drug Tests Flunk" by Janelle Brown
This article is for the opposition. It argues that random drug testing does not keep students from using drugs. It simply causes them to find ways to pass a drug test without actually giving up their drug habit.
"Compensating Behavior and the Drug Testing of High School Athletes"
This article is for the opposition. It explains how only testing student athletes can actually lead to an increase in overall drug use. Robert Taylor, the author, argues that these policies encourage athletes to quit sports for fear of being drug tested. This causes former student athletes to hang around non-athletes who have higher rates of drug use than athletes, making them more likely to use drugs.
Drug Free America: Reasons for Student Drug Testing
This site supports the proposition side. It outlines some basic advantages of drug testing in schools. It also answers frequently asked questions about this topic. Some of the information here is also available on the Office of National Drug Control Policy's website: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/drug_testing/
Cell phones should be allowed in schools.
- Schools Try to Draw the Line for Wired Kids
This article, from the Houston Chronicle, is useful for both sides to prepare. It explains the arguments for both sides of the debate about cell phones in schools.
- Hold the Phone
This article will help both sides. The National School Boards Association weighs both sides in the debate about cell phones in schools and shows examples of different policies in different districts regarding cell phone use in schools.
- Schools Make Rules for Cell Phone No-Nos
This is another article that will help both sides in the debate. Reporter Catherine Donaldson-Evans shows how schools are reacting to cell phones in schools and what some of the consequences of restricting phones might be. She also shows that regulations may be more effective than a simple ban on phones.
- High-tech cheating comes to high schools
This article will mostly help the opposition. The author, reporting for The Detroit News, shows that there is a concern that cell phones will allow students to cheat more easily.
The legal system should have the option to charge juveniles as adults in murder cases.
- Youth Crime/Adult Time: Is Justice Served?
The opposition can use this site to prepare. Jolanta Juszkiewicz uses statistics and research to highlight the problems with charging juveniles as adults.
- The Wrong Answer to Littleton: A Few Teen Criminals Belong in Prison, but Most do Not
This article is useful to the opposition. The Washington Monthly explores why charging juveniles as adults is not the best remedy for juvenile crime.
- Punishing Teen Criminals Like Criminals
The proposition can use this site to prepare. The NCPA uses a fact sheet format to explain the current status of the juvenile crime issue.
K-12 schools should ban junk food sales.
- "Childhood obesity: Are schools partly to blame?"
This article, by two professors of health and physical education, will be helpful to both sides in this debate. The authors discuss the causes of childhood obesity and unhealthy eating and propose solutions. Although there are some words that may be a bit advanced, it is worth reading this thorough examination of the problem area.
- "Junk-food fight on for schools"
This article, from the Arizona Republic, will be helpful to both sides in the debate. The author discusses the arguments for and against a junk food ban.
- "Another weighty burden"
This article, from The School Administrator , will help both sides in the debate. The author, a reporter in San Diego, discusses the issue of junk food sales in school from a school administrator's perspective.
Single sex schools are better for students than co-ed schools in grades K-12.
- “Single Gender Classes: Are they better?”
This can be used by either side and is a good introduction to the issue
- “Why Gender Matters” http://privateschool.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ&sdn=privateschool&zu=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.whygendermatters.com%2F This is a book review by Leonard Sax, a doctor and supporter of single sex schools. This could be used for the position in a case construction with good arguments and links to other articles.
- “K-12 Single-Sex Education: What Does the Research Say?”
This provides good data that shows the beneficial affects of single sex education on girls. This could be used by the proposition team.
- Is Single Gender Schooling Viable in the Public Sector?
This is an excellent resource for the opposition team. This a report that shows that single sex education in a California pilot program hurts gender identity and could not work as a public policy.
- “Single Sex schools fail to make sense”
This provides the most popular arguments against single sex schools that could be used by the opposition team.